Fighting ISIS: America, allies joining forces

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(CNN) — In his speech about ISIS last week, President Barack Obama said, “American military power is unmatched, but this can’t be America’s fight alone.”

Allies and partners of the United States, Obama vowed, would provide support to degrade and eventually destroy the militant group that has slaughtered many people in Iraq and Syria and beheaded two American journalists and a British aid worker.

The United States has conducted more than 150 airstrikes in Iraq against ISIS, and Secretary of State John Kerry has said nearly 40 nations have agreed to contribute to the fight against the militants. But it remains unclear which countries are on that list and the precise role they’ll play.

On Sunday, Kerry said countries in the Middle East are willing to help with strikes against ISIS, but he said on CBS’ “Face the Nation” program that “it’s not appropriate to start announcing” which nations will participate and what each will do.

Kerry’s statements come just as ISIS beheaded a third Western captive, Briton David Haines, and as Kerry ends a weeklong trip to the Middle East to drum up support for the battle against the militants.

An international conference convenes in Paris on Monday where more discussion on a coalition is expected.

These are the nations involved and what’s known about their contributions:

Australia: On Sunday, the Australian government responded to a request by the United States and said it is preparing to deploy to the United Arab Emirates up to eight Royal Australian Air Force F/A 18 combat aircraft, an E-7A Wedgetail Airborne Early Warning and Control aircraft and a KC-30A Multi-Role Tanker and Transport aircraft. Australia will also help to stem the humanitarian crisis.

Australian combat troops will not participate in ground fighting, according to Prime Minister Tony Abbott’s office.

Great Britain: Prime Minister David Cameron called ISIS “a menace” Sunday and said the United Kingdom would help arm the Kurdish forces who are fighting on the ground, support the Iraqi government, keep supplying humanitarian help and coordinate with the United Nations to battle ISIS.

“This is not about British combat troops on the ground,” Cameron said Sunday, “it is about working with others to extinguish this terrorist threat.”

France: France has contributed 18,000 rounds of 50-caliber ammunition in the fight against ISIS, according to a senior U.S. State Department official Sunday during a background briefing given to reporters. It’s protocol for officials giving the information not to be quoted by name. France’s air force was also part of a recent operation in the Iraqi town of Amerli that pushed back ISIS fighters and, along with Australia and Great Britain, have performed humanitarian aid drops in Iraq.

Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi told reporters in Baghdad on Friday that French President Francois Hollande promised that France “will participate in efforts to hit terrorist locations in Iraq.”

Germany: Geared toward curbing ISIS propaganda and recruitment, Germany has banned activities that support ISIS, including making it illegal to fly the trademark black flag of the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria. Germany has also said it was sending military assistance to the Kurdistan region to fight ISIS.

Netherlands: In Sunday’s briefing, a State Department official praised the Netherlands for “leading an effort” to help curb the flow of foreign fighters coming into the country who may empathetic to ISIS or assisting it in some way. Dutch leaders have proposed amending national law that would revoke citizenship to those who work with terrorists, The New York Times reported.

Canada: A State Department official said Sunday that Canada has provided “tangible equipment and ammunition” to the broader effort to fight ISIS. Canadian Prime Stephen Harper announced just days ago that over 50 Canadian special ops are being deployed to Iraq as part of an adviser mission but there would be no direct military intervention by the country, according to CTV.

On Sunday, State Department officials also called out Italy, Poland, Denmark, Albania and Croatia for providing equipment and ammunition in the fight against ISIS. New Zealand, Romania and South Korea were also named for providing humanitarian assistance, with specifics on South Korea giving some $1.2 million.

Turkey: U.S. officials say Turkey has taken steps to cut the flow of money to ISIS and denied entry to or deported several thousand foreign fighters heading to Syria to join the extremists, CNN’s Elise Labott and Tom Cohen reported Friday. The United States is hoping Turkey will stop oil exports from ISIS-held areas that bring more funding to the group, they write in a piece that examined who is signing on to aid the West fight ISIS.

Jordan: Ex-Jordanian Foreign Minister Marwan Muasher said on CNN Sunday that he doubts Jordan will commit ground troops in the fight against ISIS. “The U.S. will have to take the lead in providing military strikes,” he said.

Jordan’s key role will be providing intelligence to the West. Speaking from the capital of Amman, Muasher stressed that Jordan’s intelligence on ISIS is “second to none.”

Saudi Arabia: On Thursday, Kerry met with Saudi Foreign Minister Prince Saud al-Faisal in Jeddah.

U.S. officials say that Saudi Arabia has offered to train rebels on its soil. In a short session with reporters Thursday, al-Faisal and Kerry took questions. Al-Faisal appeared to avoid giving specifics but said that Saudi Arabia has “always taken initiatives with regard to a firm position towards terrorists and against them. So there is no limit to what the Kingdom can provide in this regard.”

The United States also wants Saudi Arabia, Qatar and Egypt to use Arab television networks to spread anti-ISIS messages and encourage more clerics to speak out against the group.

Saudi Arabia has also put $500 million into the coffers of the U.N. humanitarian aid agencies in Iraq, a senior State Department official said Sunday.

CNN’s Labott asked Kerry whether Saudi Arabia supports the extremist expressions of the Wahhabism version of Islam espoused by some terror groups. Kerry responded that the kingdom is “deeply committed to the effort to terminate” ISIS. A significant part of the counterterrorism effort against the militants includes cutting off money to terror groups, Kerry said.

Egypt: Kerry said on Saturday that Egypt has a critical role to play in countering ISIS ideology. There was a “very detailed conversation with the Egyptians about military-to-military cooperation” in Iraq, State Department officials said Sunday, but there appears to be no public details about the role Egypt may play.

Signaling a major cultural push against ISIS, last week Egypt’s Grand Mufti reportedly condemned the terror group, saying that its actions are not in line with Islam.

Qatar: Qatar has flown a number of humanitarian flights, State Department officials said.

CNN’s Elise Labott and Khushbu Shah contributed to this report.

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