Dr. Rachel: Shoulder Injuries

NEW ORLEANS (WGNO) - Dr. Rachel explains what exactly happens when you hurt your shoulder.

Dr. Rachel says that the shoulder is the most mobile joint in our bodies, and that is why football players wear pads to protect it. Unfortunately, even with pads, shoulder injuries are common in football. Usually, quarterbacks and wide receivers have the worst shoulder injuries.

The  acromioclavicular or AC joint is the most commonly injured shoulder joint. The AC joint is on the top of the shoulder where the end of the collarbone and tip of the shoulder blade, or the acromion meet.  An AC separation, also known as a separated shoulder, occurs when the ligaments between the clavicle and the acromion tear. Dr. Rachel says, "This separation can occur when a player gets hit then falls to the ground and lands directly on the shoulder, or hits the ground with an extended arm causing the ligaments to stretch or tear and then the bones separate."

Most shoulder injuries do not require surgery but the player will require rehabilitation which can take months. If a player sustains a shoulder dislocation, then the ball of the humerus is forced out of its socket cavity called the glenoid cavity. This injury requires the humerus to be forced back into its socket.

If you have any medical questions, message Dr. Rachel on her facebook page, or send her a tweet @DrRachelTwist.