A concussion is the most common type of traumatic brain injury. A concussion alters the way the brain functions.
Our brains are made of material like jello, surrounding by fluid called cerebral spinal fluid. This is all enclosed in our skull.
A concussion is caused by a jolt or blow to the head. When this occurs, a person’s brain moves forward (or back ward) in the skull, slamming against the skull on one side, then on the other side. That is a concussion.
Young children actually have the highest concussion rate among all age groups, not football players.
Concussions are under-diagnosed because of the signs and symptoms are so subtle.
(The most common symptoms after a concussion are headache, amnesia and confusion.)
Anyone with a suspected concussion needs to be seen by a doctor immediately
Most, about 90%, of concussions resolve within a seven to ten days. Recovery times may be longer in children, adolescents, and older adults.
Anyone who has had a concussion in the past are at higher risk of having another one and it takes longer to recover from the next concussion.
After a concussion, if any of the following symptoms develop see your doctor immediately: vomiting, worsening headache, dizziness, seizure activity, excessive drowsiness, double vision, slurred speech, unsteady walk, weakness or numbness in arms or legs, or black eye.
Treatment of a concussion involves resting the brain. BRAIN REST… until no more symptoms are present. Rest helps the brain heal. Brain rest means reducing activities which require concentration such as school work, playing video/computer games, reading, or texting.
Repeated concussions may increase a person’s risk in later life for dementia, Parkinson’s disease, and depression.